INDIA A TOURIST’S PARADISE
The most valuable assets of India as a desirable tourist destination lies in its thousands years old historical and cultural heritage. Every region, every part of India encompasses culture of its own, entirely distinct in traditions, language, festivals, beliefs and rituals with different and unique style of living and dresses.
No country in the world comprises such distinction and such diversity with a unity and integration. This diversity may be attributed to the historical roots of developments of each region, due to different dynasties that ruled the different regions. The development of different life style, celebrations of different festivals, adopting different languages, different dressing sense, all exist as per the norms fixed by the then ruling dynasty. Each region has unique physical features, soil types and climatic conditions, and so has distinct vegetation and wild life. When the natural beauty is mingled with a different culture the resultant harmony presents a unique land sparkling picture, reflecting each destination in its unique and colourful way.
One finds everything in India exotic as well as native, the snow clad Himalayas crowning the head in the North, enveloping all the beauty within itself, releases the mighty rivers, Indus, Gangas, and Yamuna and their tributaries. These rivers roll over the whole country like arteries, supplying life blood to the body of the country and its inhabitants throughout the year. The complex beauty of the desert state of Rajasthan is found rarely in any part of the world. With the Thar as a background the vivacious sanddunes, mirages and camels, the huge and glorified palaces, forts and havelies, present a complex and unique beauty. The culture of Rajputs with bright Badhani colours, intricate designs and the royal background give their sharp look different from others. In their unique architectural style in the series of palaces are the lake palace of Udaipur, the sand coloured torts in Jaisalmer, the city palace of Jaipur, which with the pink city of India, coupled with the vibrant folk dances and folk songs make India an ‘Epitome of Cultural Beauty’.
The Taj Mahal at Agra, a symbol of Mughal romance and faith, in its architectural perfection and splendor attracts tourists from all over the world. The Taj Mahal reflects the Persian cultural and their architectural eminence, and is today counted among the Seven Wonders of the World.
The caves of Ajanta-Ellora, the Sun Temple of Konark, the temples of Khajurao and Dravidian style stone carved temples of Hoysalewara and Ranganathswamy, the medieval glory of the Qutab Miner, the Red fort, Fathepur Sikri and other forts and mausoleums with Persian architectural influence, the Victoria palace at Kolkata, beautiful and elegant churches at Goa. Each and every one of these symbolizes the richness of Indian culture with tremendous diversification and each has its own attraction for the tourist.
India has witnessed many eras blooming on her soil. Each era and dynasty has left its indelible mark, on her different regions with uniqueness and distinction. From the Harappans to the Maury as, Guptas to Sultans and Mughals to the Portuguese and the English, each era witnessed a metamorphosis. Different cultures with different life styles and beliefs intermingled. Each century brought a new culture, made its impact, kept intact the original identity and beliefs also, and thus a unique diversity with integration is the present India.
Tamil Nadu is known for hundreds of ancient temples. The famous Meenakshi Temple of Madurai is embellished with 30 million sculptures. Down South, the tranquil bay at Kappad, near Kozhikode where came the Portuguese navigator Vasco-da-Gama, changing the history of India, the Coromandel Coast in Mahabalipuram, the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi an iron pillar, rising to a majestic 7.31 m erected by king Chandra Varman, in the AD Sixth century on which the ravages of time have left no speck of rust on the pillar, are some of the most visiting places by the tourist from every part of the world.
The Bhool Bholaiyan at Lucknow, the mystery of shaking Minarets in the mosque and tomb of Rajbibi in Ahmedabad, the acoustic wonders of Gol Gumbaj, the famous Golden Temple at Amritsar, the oldest church at Palayur in Goa, the oldest synagogue at Mattancherry in Kochi and the oldest mosque in Eheraman Malik Manzil in Kodungallor, also the modern Lotus Temple at Delhi, the Bahai temple of worship at Delhi, the Stupa of Sanchi, the Tower of Silence at Mumbai, the tallest statue of Bahubali at Karnataka all speak of the glorious heritage of our country and so are the places of attraction for tourist throughout the world.
No where in the world, can be found such multifaceted, most diversified culture with such a rich heritage reflecting many dynasties and regimes. India is known for its unparalleled religious beliefs as well as for its vast variety of people, the animal kingdom and the rich flora. India is a miniature world where the tourists find the best of the West and East coexisting in perfect harmony for centuries.
Another aspect of Indian culture can well be seen in its vibrant and colourful festivals. India has been the birth place of many religions. The Hinduism, The Buddhism, The Jainism, The Sikhism, The Islam and The Christianity Zorxestriamism all have nourished and flourished here well. The Desert festival, the Kite festival, Boat race festival in South India, the Durga Pooja festival of Kolkata, Dussehera of Mysore, Puri festival of Odisha, Ganesh Chaturthi festival of Maharashtra, all are celebrated so colorfully and in such a grand manner that year after years tourists from all over the world come to enjoy their beauty. Though the list of tourist attractions in India is endless one must still mention about the beauties of cities of Haridwar, Rishikest Varanasi, Ujjain, Mt Abu and Amritsar. Who can ignore the beauty of Kashmir, Elephant caves, Andaman Nicobar Islands and backwaters and, house boats and the lagoon of Kerala? Shrinagar, Kullu, Manali, Nainital, Darjeeling, Ooty, Mussoorie, etc are name of the famous hill stations.
Not only the above historical festivals, the modern festivals, like, the Taj Mahotsava, Khajurao Dance festival, Konark Dance festival, etc also give an opportunity for seeing all internationally acclaimed faces of Indian classical dance and music on one stage.
Over the years we have developed the concept of eco-friendly tourism, which means that while promoting tourism in very possible manner, we should not forget the importance of ecological balance. Many of the places at the foothills of the Himalayas have become the dumping ground of wastes for the tourists. While promoting the tourism in wild life, it must be ensured that the tourists should not become a threat to the tranquility and ecological balance of the forests.
No doubt, India’s diversified culture presents a ‘paradise for tourists but to keep it intact, a number of judicious and prudent policies to facilitate the tourists, and attract more and more tourists are to be framed and required to be implemented at a fast pace. The tourists visiting India, should be enchanted not only with the rich heritage, but they should also feel here safe, sound and welcomed.
The call of this Paradise can be summarized in a few lines
“The snow clad Himalayas at the top,
The flow of rivers, valley and lakes,
The fort and havelies in desert lop,
Vibrant festivals, temples and mosque make
Nowhere have you found such diversified features
You would say and say our teachers.’
Tourism in India
Essay No. 01
Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries of the world. It plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. India is one of the popular tourist destinations in Asia. Bounded by the Himalayan ranges in the north and surrounded, on three sides by water , India offers a wide array of places to see and things to do. The enchanting backwaters, hill stations and landscapes make India a beautiful country. They attract tourists from all over the world.
Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. The tourism industry employs a large number of people both skilled and unskilled. Tourism is the largest service industry in India with a contribution of 6.23 percent of the national GDP and 8,78 percent of the total employment in India. Hotels, travel agencies, transport including airlines benefit a lot from this industry. Tourism promotes national integration and international understanding. It generates foreign exchange. It promotes cultural activities.
India has a composite culture. There is a harmonious blend of art , religion and philosophy. Though India has been subjected to a series of invasions, she has retained her originality even after absorbing the best of the external influences. Religious like Christianity , Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism , Jainism , Sikhism and Zoroastrianism, etc. have co existed in India. India has fascinated people from all over the world with her secularism and her culture.
The diverse geographical locales of India delight the tourists. The monuments, museums, forts, sanctuaries , places of religious interest, palaces, etc. offer a treat to the eyes. Every region is identified with its handicrafts ,fairs, folk dances , music and its people.
Some of the places that attract a huge number of tourists are Agra, Jaipur jhansi , hyderabad, Nalanda, Mysore, Delhi , Mahabaleshwar , A urangabad , etc. Haridwar , Ujjain , Shirdi , V aransi , A llahabad , puri , Jammu , B adrinath etc. are famous hill resorts.
The Tourism Advisory Board recommends measures for promotion of tourist traffic in India. It reviews the tourist trends and suggests appropriate measures. Some of the palaces havelis and castles have been converted into heritage hotels. In these hotels the tourists get to experience the exotic lifestyle of a bygone era. The exotic train Palace on Wheels which travels through Rajasthan attracts a lot of foreign tourists. The Indian Tourism Development corporation organises entertainment programmes like folk dances and songs and provides shopping facilities. Today many private companies like Sita Travels, Club Mahindra , etc. arrange domestic as well as foreign tours.
With the growth of the urban professional middle class, tourism n India is flourishing. Many states have taken necessary steps to promote tourism. Goa promotes water sports like sailing scuba diving and rafting. Kashmir offers the pleasure of winter sports like skiing and mountaineering.
In2005 the Indian Tourism Development Corporation started a campaign called Incredible India to encourage tourism in India. The slogan of this campaign is Athithi Devoh Bhaboh. For a better growth the department divided different places in different sections like spiritual tourism spa tourism eco tourism and adventure tourism.
India’s performance in tourism sector has been quite impressive. During the period 2002 to 2009 India witnessed an increase in the Foreign Tourist Arrivals from 2.38 million to 5.11 million resulting in the average annual increase of about 11.5 percent. Domestic tourism has also got a big boost. The number of domestic tourist visits increased from 270 million in 2002 to 650 million in 2009 with an average annual growth rate of 13.4 percent.
India has a growing medical tourism sector. With an increasing number of foreign patients flocking to India for treatment, our country has become an attractive destination for medical tourism. Things have now started looking bright for the tourism industry.
On the negative side tourism may damage environment. In order to accommodate large number of tourists, sprawling resorts are built. The indiscriminate construction destroys local architectural styles and ecological balance. Arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to satisfy them.
The Indian tourism industry has been hit by pollution. The effluents emitted by the Mathura Refinery has led to the discolourization of the Taj Mahal is Agra. The condition of many of our monuments is deteriorating due to the negligence of the authorities concerned.
Terrorism now a days has become a global problem. Our country is also not an exception. The terrorist attacks agitations and separatist movements hinder the growth of tourism. Kashmir is the paradise for domestic and international tourists. The Skirmishes in this valley hamper the growth of tourism which is very important for the economy of the state.
The tourism infrastructure in India should be strengthened. Airports and railway stations should provide information to the tourists about the tourist destinations. Government owned hotels should be properly managed. The government should be taken to restore the ancient splendor of the monuments. Sincere efforts could help to further develop the Indian tourism industry.
Essay No. 02
Over the years, tourism has grown as a flourishing industry. Some countries, even small ones, like Singapore, the Carribean, Japan, Hong-Kong (now under China), Thailand and even Malaysia have made great progress with the earnings obtained from tourists.
In India, earnings to the government and people from tourism as compared to such countries are only fractional. There may be several reasons for this.
Tourism in India can become a viable industry if effective and concerted steps are taken. First of all, red-tapism should be ended. All bottlenecks and harassment to tourists that scare them should be removed. People at the helms of tourist affairs such as officials of ministry of tourism, hoteliers emporium-owners, etc. should be taught etiquette and given lessons in ideal behaviour that should be meted out to tourists.
India has innumerable attractions for tourists. Throughout the country there are numerous beauty and scenic spots. There are very good hotels in big cities and tourist complexes on highways. There are several places where the tourists can enjoy adventure games. There are so many ancient temples, mosques, forts and other historical places in India which the tourists from various countries would like to visit.
Our embassies should supply to the people and governments of other countries all the important information regarding objects and places which can attract the tourists. The coming of the tourists to India and their stay here should be made easier, smoother and more comfortable as far as possible.