Unity in Diversity
India is a big country. Her civilization is around 6000 years old. She has given birth to the world’s most important cultures and religious. She has also accepted different cultures of the world. People of many races have come to India and settled here. She has absorbed different faiths, cults, beliefs, sects, religious, language, manners, lifestyles, etc. Unity and synthesis are the embodiment of Indian culture.
India fundamental unity rests upon her peculiar type of culture. There is no single character or aspect that can be defined as culture. It is expressed through language, literature, religion, philosophy, customs, traditions and architecture. India has achieved cultural unity by fusion of many cultures. She has assimilated the good qualities from all cultures. Various cultural groups live side by side in India. This has made Indian society a multi cultural society.
In India people of different religious live together. Hence she has a multi religious society. Besides Hinduism other religious like Christianity Islam Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism have a large following in India. According to 2001 census Hinduism other religious like Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism have a large following in India. According to 2001 census Hinduism is practiced by more than 80.4 percent of the people there are 13.4 percent Muslim 2.3 percent Christians and 1.8 percent Sikhs . The rest of the people follow Buddhism, Jainism and other religions.
India is famous for religious festivals. Hindu festivals like Diwali, Dussehra, Holi, etc. are celebrated all over the world. Muslims celebrate Eid. Christians celebrate Easter and Christmas. Sikhs celebrate Guru Nanak Jayanti. Buddha Purnima and Mahavir Jayanti are celebrated by the Buddhists and the jains respectively. During these festivals people exchange greeting forgetting their religious affiliations. That India is a clear from the preamble of our Constitutions.
We find a kind of emotional unity in our country. the very name of our country India brings us emotionally close. We may be in any part of the world but we will always be called Indians no matter what religion we follow and what region we belong to . India diversity has always been recognized as a source of its strength. When the British ruled India women and men from different cultural religious and regional background came together to oppose them. India freedom moment had thousands of people of different background in it. In his book The Discovery imposed from outside but rather it is something deeper and within its fold widest tolerance of belief and custom is practiced and every verity acknowledged and even emphasized.
Independent India inherited a conservative community which followed the rigidities of the caste system and had diverse religions. The Indian Constitution gave paramount importance to secularism. It declares that there would be no state religion in India. The state will neither establish religions of its own nor confer any special patronage upon any particular religion. The typical Indian concept of secularism is defined as Sarva Dharma Samabhava.
The Indian civilization has always been based on religious and moral values. Herein lays its unity and strength. In all parts of the country, cultural unity the unity of the way of life and outlook transcends the vast diversity in faiths and beliefs at times bordering on superstition, magic, charms and other practices. One may travel from one part of the country to another and everywhere he will recognize a common thread in some aspect of life which makes him feel at home. This is because the Indian culture has preserved its fundamental character through the ages. We have experience revolutionary economic and political changes in recent times but our past remains very much with us. Our rich cultural heritage has passed from one generation to another and in this process it has got nurtured and renewed.
Indian culture has remained alive and dynamic because it has always been tolerant of different cultures. It imbibed the good qualities other cultures and constantly upgraded itself. Influence of various cultures has made it rich and vibrant. Significant contributions have been made to it by the Dravidians, Aryans, Greeks, Persians, Arabs, Mughals and Europeans. The Persian and Western influences on our art literature painting and dress have now become an integral part of our own culture.
At times we have witnessed conflicts and disturbances. Certain anti national and external forces try to disrupt the unity of the country by encouraging communal feelings and sentiments. The demolition of Babri Masjid, Mumbai blasts, Massac of innocent Sikhs i the 1984 riots Gujarat riots of 2002, blasts in the capital of the country, terror attack in Mumbai etc. resulted in the loss of thousands of lives. The militancy problem in Jammu and Kashmir and the North East have further weakened the secular fabric of India. Terrorism should not be allowed to raise its ugly head and destroy our basic unity. We can overcome this problem id we bury our differences and work united for the unity and integrity of the country. In recent times there has been a cultural awakening of the educated youth who have become aware of the beauty of our art forms and crafts they have started taking interest in educating themselves about their rich cultural tradition. The government has also started organizing big cultural events to promote national integration.
Now National Youth Festival is celebrated from 8th to 12th January every year. This is a major activity under the programme of National Integration camp. The idea behind this Youth festival is to organize a gathering of the youth so that the concept of National Integration, spirit of communal harmony brotherhood, courage and adventurer may be propagated. It is the effort of the government to strengthen the common bond of unity that ties the people together in spite of the diversity in their religions and rich culture. We should strive to maintain the relationship of common brotherhood. We should uphold the torch of unity irrespective of our different faiths and creeds.
About evirtualguru_ajaygourThe main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.
390 words short essay on Unity in Diversity. India is a multi-cultural, multi-racial, multi-lingual and multi-ethnic society. It is a land of diversity. People of different creeds, customs, cultures and traditions live here. They have their different festivals, manners and lifestyle.
Their religions and beliefs are also different. Despite all these, there are certain common visit able bonds that link them together. This is a distinct feature of India and it is popularly known as unity in diversity.
Basically, Indian culture is tolerant and absorbing. Its nature is assimilating. Democratic set up facilitates the process. The diversity in every aspect of society serves as a source of strength and wealth. The different ways of worship and belief represent underlying uniformity. They promote a spirit of harmony and brotherhood. This is beyond all considerations of religious, regional, linguistic and sectional diversities.
Image Source: cdn.publishyourarticles.net
India is proud to have a rich cultural heritage. We are inheritors to many grand treasures in the field of music, fine arts, dance, drama, theatre and sculpture. Our spiritual tradition, piety, penance and spiritual greatness are common. Our seers and sages are the same they are held in high esteem in every section of society alike. Our scriptures are the storehouse of spiritual wisdom. Indian yogis, rishis, maharishis, etc are equally popular in every community. They are revered by them all.
India is abundantly rich in dialects and languages. Twenty- two languages constitutionally enjoy the status of official language but Hindi is recognised as the lingua franca of the nation. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Nagaland to Mumbai, Hindi is understood as the national language of India. Though different regions have their different regional affiliation they all are Indians. People call themselves Bihari, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Marathi, Gujarati, but they feel proud to say that they are the Indians.
Indian dance and drama are the brilliant examples of unity in diversity. The country abounds in tribal dances, folk dances, as well as classical dances of great virtuosity. They are regarded as the mode of aesthetic expression but they all symbolise one India. The expression is different but the theme is the same.
We are proud of our cultural distinctiveness. We are proud to be the inhabitants of India. It is our responsibility to maintain its unique feature. We should think beyond the petty interests and work for the broader goals of bringing prosperity and progress in society.