Apple Bibliography

Much of the information for this site came from the following:

Goodell, Jeff. "The Rise and Fall of Apple Inc." Rolling Stone issues 731, 732
Moritz, Michael, The Little Kingdom: The Private Story of Apple Computer. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984.
Levy, Steven,Insanely Great: The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer That Changed Everything. New York: Viking, 1994

Many of the pictures came from Upgrading and Repairing Macs which was published in 1994 by Que Corporation. Some pictures came from Apple Facts Online (which is no longer available), some from the Rolling Stone article. Other pictures came from AppleDesign: The Work of the Apple Industrial Design Group, (Kunkel, Paul. 1997, Graphis) a truly great book. They are all public domain to my knowledge.

For the computer specifications, I used Apple Facts Online (no longer online), the Macintosh Museum at, NewerRam's excellent (and unfortunately defunct) freeware product, GURU, and Apple's well maintained Spec Database. I also have used some information from For Newton information, I turned to the Newton Gallery.

All images should be properly attributed, with links to the original source when possible.

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“A.P.P.L.E. Co-op Celebrates A Decade of Service”. Call-A.P.P.L.E., Feb 1988.
  • Interesting article that discusses the early days and development of a major Apple II user group and magazine.

Chien, Philip. “The First Ten Years: A Look Back”. The Apple II Review, Fall/Winter 1986.
  • Historical overview of Apple Computer.

Connick, Jack. “In The Beginning There Were User Groups”. Call-A.P.P.L.E., Sep 1986.
Connick, Jack. “…And Then There Was Apple”. Call-A.P.P.L.E., Oct 1986.
  • Transcript (in two parts) of a talk given by Steve Wozniak to the Apple World meeting in San Francisco, January 1986.

Creative Computing, Nov 1984.
  • The entire issue had articles that dealt with the first ten year of personal computing, including a little from before the release of the Altair 8800.

Cringely, Robert X. Accidental Empires. (Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1992).
  • Historical information that deals more with the non-Apple computer world, but does have information about VisiCalc .

Duprau, Jeanne, and Tyson, Molly. “The Making Of The Apple IIGS“. A+ Magazine, Nov 1986.
  • Info about the development of this computer.

Paul Freiberger and Michael Swaine. Fire In The Valley. (Osborne/McGraw-Hill: Berkley 1984).
  • This book deals with the beginnings of the entire microcomputer industry, but has a chapter that deals with the formation of Apple Computer and its subsequent development.

Hogan, Thom. “Apple: The First Ten Years”. A+ Magazine, Jan 1987.
Hogan, Thom. “Back In Time”. A+ Magazine, Feb 1987.

Levy, Steven. Hackers: Heroes Of The Computer Revolution. (New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1984).
  • History of modern computing, from the PDP-1 at MITS in the 1960’s to the software wizards of the early 1980’s.

Moritz, Michael. The Little Kingdom. (New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc, 1984).
  • History of Apple Computer and its founders, up to the early 1980’s.

Pinella, Paul. “In The Beginning: An Interview With Harvey Lehtman”. Apple IIGS: Graphics And Sound, Fall/Winter 1986.
  • IIGS product development.

Rose, Frank. West Of Eden: The End Of Innocence At Apple Computer. (New York: Penguin Books, 1989).
  • Review of Apple Computer history, with extensive behind-the-scenes information of Apple’s turbulent middle years in the 1980’s while the Macintosh was under development, up to the ouster of Steve Jobs.

Rubin, Charles. “The Life & Death & Life Of The Apple II”. Personal Computing, Feb 1985.
  • A review of some reasons why the Apple II doesn’t seem to die.

Smarte, Gene, and Reinhardt, Andrew. “15 Years Of Bits, Bytes, And Other Great Moments”. Byte, Sep 1990.
  • Timeline overview of 1975-1990 in computing history.

The Apple II Guide. Apple USA Product Marketing, 1990.
The Apple II Guide. Apple USA Product Marketing, 1992.
  • Timeline history of Apple Computer, plus overview information about the Apple II to get anyone started.

Williams, Gregg. “‘C’ Is For Crunch”. Byte, Dec 1984.
  • Development of the Apple IIc.

Williams, Gregg, and Moore, Rob. “The Apple Story, Part 1: Early History”. Byte, Dec 1984.
Williams, Gregg, and Moore, Rob. “The Apple Story, Part 2: More History And The Apple III”. Byte, Jan 1985.
  • Interview with Steve Wozniak.

Worth, Don, and Lechner, Pieter. Beneath Apple DOS. Reseda, CA: Quality Software, 1981.
  • Has a description of the history of DOS, as well as a technical description of it.

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